In the Arabic language the word “Seerah” comes from saara yaseeru. Linguistically, it means to travel or to be on a journey. When we’re talking about someone’s seerah it’s about that person’s journey through life, talking about the person’s birth, the events surrounding it, his life and his death, and you are also studying the manners and characteristics of that person. In modern times we still call it Seerah, like a resume is called a Seerah or Seerah Dhaatihi in the Arabic language.
In Islamic sciences or the Sharee’ah, Seerah means the study of the life of the Prophet Muhammed (sall Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), the Last and Final Prophet and the Messenger of Allah. It is the study of his life and all that is related to him. The information related to him would be like the events and aspects surrounding his biography. This would include knowledge of events that preceded his birth, his interactions and dealings with his companions, his family, the people around him, and also the events that occurred shortly after his death.