In linguistic terms, fiqh means understanding. It may be said that so-and-so has been given fiqh fi’d-deen, meaning understanding of the religion. Another example is the du‘aa’ of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) for Ibn ‘Abbaas: “Allahumma faqqihhu fi’d-deen (O Allah, give him understanding of the religion).” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (143) and Muslim (2477).

Ibn Jibreen (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Fiqh is understanding of the texts, Qur’anic verses and hadiths, and knowing how to derive rulings from them.

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